The War of Texas Independence, more commonly known as the Texas Revolution, was a six-month war that lasted from the October of 1835 to April of 1836. The war was waged between Texan colonists and the Mexicans, which led to Texas’s Independence from the state of Mexico. This war was the prerequisite to the founding of the Republic of Texas. Let’s explore the events that happened before, during and after the Texas Revolution.
Colony Of Texas
In 1821, Mexico had gained independence from Spain and became the Republic of Mexico. The northern regions of Mexico became the states of Texas and Coahuila by Mexico’s federal system that was established by the Mexican constitution of 1824. Coahuila and the state of Texas were mostly dominated by Comanche and Apache Native Americans. Mexicans were hesitant to move there, thus the government was encouraging Americans and foreigners to settle in that region, as Spain had already made the region open for Anglo-Americans to settle in during 1820. The Imperial Colonization Law of January 1823 made settlers in that region exempt from having to pay most taxes and tariffs for seven years. Slavery was also banned in Mexico in 1829, although immigrant American slaveholders were allowed to keep their slaves.
In Texas, Moses Austin and Green Dewitt had made the most of the opportunity and settled, being given the title of, ‘empresario,’ which in Spanish means businessman. Dewitt and Austin were granted huge expanses of land so that they could build colonies to house hundreds of families. Moses Austin passed away before he could start on the project, which led Stephen Austin, Moses’s son to follow through on his father’s ambitious undertaking. This may have led Stephen Austin to become one of the most influential, if not the most influential, Texan in history. Austin helped the Mexican military in their efforts to suppress the Freedonian Rebellion in 1826. He led a militia which suppressed the rebellion that had been caused by settlers in the Mexican Nacogdoches area during a conflict they had encountered with old settlers.
The Anahuac Disturbance of 1832
The Mexican government wanted to stop the overpopulation caused by the influx of immigrants coming in from the United States. Thus, in April of 1830, the Imperial Colonization Law was abolished, which meant the settlers had to now pay the required tax and tariff fees and that settlement of new immigrants was disallowed. The next two years were conflict infused as Texans showed resistance towards Mexican governmental and military forces who were enforcing the tariff laws and working to prevent Anglo-American immigration and smuggling. Many events and issues arose in light of that conflict and it was then known as the Anahuac Disturbance of 1832. The conflict saw its end with the Battle of Velasco which took place on the 26th of June in 1832, where the Texans won and the Mexican garrisons were left abandoned.
The circumstances that lead to a monumental event is what gives us valuable insight into the causes of the event. Thus, the events that preceded the Texas Revolution are what amounted to the war of Texas Independence to take place.