The Texas Revolution was a momentous event in the history of America. It led to the acknowledgment of the Texan community and the establishment of Texas as a separate state from Mexico. Let’s explore the events that stimulated The War of Texas Independence and their effects.
In 1832 and 1833, Texas colonists held conventions that led to the influx of petitions being sent to the Mexican government. The petitions called for the tariff exemption law to be reinstated, for Texas to be separated administratively from Coahuila, and to let Anglo-American people immigrate. Stephen Austin presented these petitions to the Mexican government, who annulled the anti-immigration law. However, the government did not agree to the other appeals. Austin was incarcerated for 18 months when his letter urging the Texans to not uphold to the government’s wishes was found. When he was released in 1835, the War of Texas Independence was in full swing.
The Battle Of Gonzales
During the Anahuac Disturbance, Antonia Lopez de Santa Anna, who openly declared himself a federalist general in Mexico led a successful revolt against Pres Anastasio Bustamante. He then quickly transformed into a dictator, unleashing the Seven Laws in 1836 which stated that aristocrats would hold all the power in the country and that the states would be made into military districts. Santa Anna believed that the United States was planning to capture the Texas Colony, Thus, in September of 1835, he tried asserting central control over the Texans by sending Gen. Martin Perfecto de Cos with 300 to 500 troops to San Antonio. The soldiers from Mexico charged into Gonzales by the end of September in order to take back a cannon which had been installed in that town earlier for defending against attacks by Native Americans. The Texans were quick to counter the attack made by the Mexicans and even taunted them by saying in regards to the cannon to, ‘come and take it.’ Their attack on 2nd October led the Mexican soldiers to return back to San Antonio, and thus the Texans had taken their first step towards independence through the battle that is now known as the Battle of Gonzales. The Texan army, which was ever growing at that period moved forward to siege San Antonio. The Texas army then won a war on the 28th of October known as the Battle of Concepción and the Grass Fight of 26th November which was fought because of a mule that carried grass for the horses of the Mexicans. The Texans grew more victorious in their efforts to siege San Antonio. By 11th December, the Mexican army led by Cos surrendered and fled.
The Goliad and Alamo Massacre followed by The Battle Of San Jacinto
Of course, Santa Anna was outraged by this defeat, so he sent more troops to San Antonio and Goliad. Those Texans who started to defend Alamo against Santa Anna’s forces were met with bloodshed, as by March, the attack by the Mexicans led to the deaths of all the defenders. At the end of March, approximately 400 men were killed in the Goliad Massacre by a small number of Mexican troops which were led by Gen. José de Urrea. The Battle of San Jacinto that took place on the 21st of April was what decided Texas’s fate. That iconic battle lasted 18 minutes as the Texan force led by Houston caught Santa Anna’s men by surprise. Santa Anna was caught and made to sign the Treaties of Velasco which recognized Texas as a separate state and officially ended the War of Texas Independence. This led to the establishment of the Republic of Texas.